Nigeria: Amnesty International Annual Report 2012

Amnesty International, 24 May 2012

KEY POINTS

  • Nigeria’s human rights situation deteriorated.
  • Hundreds of people were killed in politically motivated, communal and sectarian violence across the country, particularly after the April elections.
  • Violent attacks attributed to the religious sect Boko Haram increased, killing more than 500 people.
  • The police were responsible for hundreds of unlawful killings, most of which remained uninvestigated.
  • The justice system remained ineffective.
  • Around two thirds of all prison inmates were still awaiting trial.
  • There were 982 people on death row. No executions were reported.
  • Forced evictions continued throughout the country
  • Violence against women remained rife.

BACKGROUND

In April, President Goodluck Jonathan was declared the winner of the country’s presidential elections. Violent attacks and rioting followed, resulting in hundreds of deaths. The President signed into law several bills, including the National Human Rights Commission Act in February; the Freedom of Information Act in May; and the Legal Aid Act and the Terrorism Act in June.

The National Human Rights Commission was given power to investigate human rights violations and visit police stations and other places of detention. By the end of the year, however, funds for the Commission had not been released.

Corruption remained endemic. In November, the President dismissed the Chairperson of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, six months before her tenure was due to end. No explanation was given. He also approved a 12,500 naira (US$76) increase in the monthly minimum wage to 18,000 naira (US$117). 1.3 million people remained internally displaced throughout the country.

Read the full report at Amnesty International website

Contents:

Background
Unlawful killings and enforced disappearances
Torture and other ill-treatment
Boko Haram
Communal violence
Impunity
Justice system
Death penalty
Forced evictions
Violence against women and girls
Children’s rights
Freedom of expression
Niger Delta
Rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people
Amnesty International Reports
Amnesty International Visits